Renew. Energy Environ. Sustain.
Volume 5, 2020
|Number of page(s)||13|
|Published online||07 February 2020|
Solar pond as a low grade energy source for water desalination and power generation: a short review
Engineering Center for State Company of Projects Design and Implementations (SIDCOO), Ministry of Industry and Minerals, Baghdad, Iraq
2 Chemical Engineering Department − College of Engineering − Diyala University − Baquba City 32001, Daiyla governorate, Iraq
3 Department of Chemical and Process Engineering, University of Surrey, UK, Guildford, Surrey, UK
* e-mail: email@example.com
Accepted: 10 December 2019
Water and energy are thoroughly linked: water is required to generate, transfer, and use the lot characteristics of energy; and energy is demanded to extract, treat, and distribute water. Shortage in clean water deems as the main challenge facing the world as a result of the escalating in the energy consumption required for desalinating the sea/brackish water which increases costs and provokes on the marine life and environment due to the high concentrate solute produced from desalination plants. Solar pond is a reservoir of water with different salt concentration implements to gather and store the incident solar energy which it can be employed later on in different thermal energy applications, such as industrialized heating process, electricity power generation, farming crop drying and cooling of houses. In this paper a short but concentrated review of the literatures that dealt with the implemented of the solar pond to illustrate succinctly the historical background for the solar ponds as well as the most word-wide established solar ponds. In addition to the theoretical background of heat and mass transfer which governed the solar pond operation is presented and discussed.
© O.A.H. AL-Musawi et al., published by EDP Sciences, 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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