Characteristics of resilient RES.
|Robustness||Describes the system's strength to withstand internal and external shocks without suffering from major impairment in major functions [64,65]|
|Stability||Expresses the system's stable and uninterrupted operation |
|Flexibility||It is the ability to perform necessary functionsunder a wide variety of conditions |
|Resourcefulness||It relates to the resources disposal and preparedness of urban planners and decision makers to appropriately prepare for, respond, and recover from possible disruptions[65,67]|
|Redundancy||Refers to the availability of components with similar function in the urban system to ensure that failure of one component would not cause the whole system to stall [64,65]|
|Diversity of energy||A resilient city should be diverse in terms of energy supply, use patterns, infrastructure, knowledge, |
|Independence||A resilient system should have a certain degree of self-reliance that equips it with the ability to maintain a minimum acceptable level of functioning (without external support) when influenced by disturbance [4,68]|
|Interdependence||It refers to having mechanisms in place that enable a system, as part of an integrated network, to receive support from other systems in the network |
|Adaptability||It refers to a system's capacity to learn from past disturbances and its flexibility to adapt to the changing conditions [64,65]|
|Self-organization||It refers to the emergence of macro-scale patterns or properties resulting from smaller-scale rules |
|Creativity||It refers to the system's capacity to exploit the disturbance as an opportunity to advance to a higher level. This necessitates utilizing innovation in planning and management |
|Efficiency||It implies that the ratio of energy and resources supplied by an urban system to the energy delivered to it as input, is positive |
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.