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Table 9

The agriculture activities within the catchment of hydropower plants of Tanzania.

S/N Hydropower plant Agricultural activities
1 Nyumba Ya Mungu hydro plant The increase of farming activities [54] and traditional irrigation schemes at the upstream of the Pangani river that lower the water level of the dam in wet and dry seasons [55]
2 Mtera and Kidatu hydro plant-Great Ruaha More irrigation activities upstream of the Great Ruaha cause the shortage of water in the dam [56]. The agriculture [57] and livestock [58] activities extend from Kipengere Mountains up to Usangu plains
3 Pangani hydro plant The traditional systems of farming practised [59] and only 20% irrigation efficiency rate [60]

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