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Table 5

 Machine type and flow directional for hydropower plants [28].

S/N Machine type Direction of flow
1 Undershot wheel
2 Breast-shot wheel Tangential to wheel
3 Overshot wheel
4 Fourneyron Radial outward
5 Thompson vortex and Francis Radial inward
6 Jonvan Parallel to axis
7 Pelton Tangential to buckets
8 Mixed turbine (Kaplan etc) Ranged from radial to parallel to axis

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