Renew. Energy Environ. Sustain.
Volume 6, 2021
Achieving Zero Carbon Emission by 2030
|Number of page(s)||13|
|Published online||20 October 2021|
Paraffin As a Phase Change Material to Improve Building Performance: An Overview of Applications and Thermal Conductivity Enhancement Techniques
Doctoral School of Mechanical Engineering, Hungarian University of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Páter K. u. 1, Gödöllő 2100, Hungary
2 Department of Building Engineering and Energetics, Institute of Technology, Hungarian University of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Páter K. u. 1, Gödöllő 2100, Hungary
3 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Misan, Al Amarah City 62001, Misan Province, Iraq
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Received in final form: 4 October 2021
Accepted: 5 October 2021
In recent years, phase change materials (PCMs) have increasingly received attention in different thermal energy storage and management fields. In the building sector, paraffin as a phase change material (PPCM) has been introduced as an efficient PCM incorporated in a building envelope, which showed remarkable results. However, the poor thermal conductivity of PPCM is still the topmost drawback in experimental and numerical investigations. In this paper, a general assessment of paraffins, their common uses and applications, have been presented with a particular focus on their potential in building envelope applications. Moreover, the general and desired properties of PPCM are highlighted and evaluated. The primary practical limitation of PPCM of poor thermal conductivity and their effect on PPCM performance is presented and discussed. Correspondingly, the popular techniques applied to improve the poor thermal conductivity are presented and discussed in four categories: the dispersion of nanoparticles, expanded graphite, metallic foam, and extended surfaces technique (fins). All in all, the analysed research works indicated that PPCM based building envelope applications could remarkably improve the thermal performance of buildings in terms of thermal load reduction, energy-saving and thermal comfort. Furthermore, the adoption of enhancement techniques is essential to improve the thermal performance of PPCM in building applications for better utilisation. This review provides a clear vision for the newcomers and interested parties about the main application aspects of PPCM in the building sector for further investigations towards technology commercialisation.
© Q. Al-Yasiri and M. Szabó, Published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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