Table 3

Summary of the studies − hybrid systems.

References System type Experimental analysis Numerical analysis Simulation tool or technique Parametric analysis Thermal efficiency Electrical efficiency Total efficiency
[79] BIPVT prototype with water storage x     Ventilation modes 0.08–0.40 N.S. N.S.
[84,85] BIPVT x x EnergyPlus, CFD Channel width, flows, number of modules 0.04 0.15 N.S.
[83] BIPVT-PCM x x Matlab Ventilation modes     0.32–0.64
[72] Hybrid Photovoltaic/Solar Thermal (HyPV/T) Façade x x   Glazing type 0.65 0.08–0.23 N.S.
[77] the distributed solar generation system   x Finite element   N.S. N.S. N.S.
[73] window integrated CdTe based semi-transparent photovoltaic module x x     N.S. N.S. N.S.
[60] solar photovoltaic thermoelectric radiant wall system x x steady-state analysis   N.S. N.S. N.S.
[62] Building Integrated Photovoltaic and Wind Turbine System   x CFD software   N.S. N.S. N.S.
[64] ventilated BIPV curtain walls x x   Channel width, flows N.S. N.S. N.S.
[70] BIPVT solar air collector x x     0.31 0.07 N.S.
[71] Photovoltaic solar wall x x     N.S. N.S. 0.31 − 0.37
[76] BIPVT     TRNSYS Building-plant N.S. N.S. N.S.
[68] The Adaptive Solar Façade x x     N.S. N.S. N.S.
[75] thin film BIOPVT systems   x     N.S. N.S. N.S.
[69] semi-transparent photovoltaic façade x x   Ventilation modes N.S. N.S. N.S.
[74] BIPVT system with two applications controlled by an air handling unit x x     N.S. N.S. N.S.

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