Table 1

Six main building certifications gathered at the Market study for a voluntary common EU certification scheme for the energy performance of non-residential buildings [28].

Certification system Developer Key figures
LEED US Green Building Council (1993) – US + 30 countries
– Over 7 000 projects, over 140 km2
– Sustainability rating
DGNB system German Sustainable Building Council – 25 countries
– 13 different building types
– Around 50 criteria assessed
PassivHaus Germany (1988) – Over 30000 buildings
– Over 15 countries
BREEAM BRE (UK, 1988) – Over 50 countries
– 8 National Scheme Operators
– Over 250 000 buildings
HQE Association pour la Haute Qualité Environnementale (France, 2005) – Primarily used in France
– 14 targets for environmental quality
– 4 different building types
Minergie Switzerland – Core markets: France, Italy, Germany and the USA (8 countries)
– 13 building types, primarily used in the residential sector
– Energy and indoor comfort-focused

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