Table 2

Load specific parameters.

Parameter Description
ID Every flexible load needs a unique identification number
Status Indicates whether the load is switched on or off
Power Nominal power of the load in watts
Priority Defines at which grid status the load may be switched off (see Tab. 1)
Operating Schedule Time period or times when the load is usually switched on certain days
Restrictions Times when the load has to be switched off (e.g., noisy loads at night)
Cycle Time Time for one using cycle of the load (e.g., 120 minutes for a washing machine)
Energy per Cycle Energy needed to complete a cycle defined in “cycle time”
Maximum Off-Time Longest period of time a load can be switched off (e.g., freezer or refrigerator)
Minimum Off-Time Switch-off time threshold below which a shutdown is energetically inefficient
Switching Option Describes how the load can be switched (e.g., binary, either on or off, step by step or continuously, if the power of the load can be continuously increased)
Switching Range Power range a load can be operated in (minimum and maximum power of a load)

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