Renew. Energy Environ. Sustain.
Volume 1, 2016
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Published online||18 May 2016|
Socioeconomic, environmental and social impacts of a concentrated solar power energy project in Northern Chile
1 Energy Systems Analysis Unit, Environmental, Energetic and Technological Research Center, CIEMAT, Avenida Complutense 40, 28040 Madrid, Spain
2 Management of Agricultura and Environmental Risks Research Center, CEIGRAM, Avenida Complutense s/n, 28040 Madrid, Spain
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Concentrated solar power deployment could potentially play an important role in the sustainable development strategy of Chile, the country with the highest solar potential in the world. Using an Input-Output methodology, this work conducts a sustainability assessment of the installation, operation and maintenance of an 110 MW concentrated solar power tower plant in Chile in terms of economic activity, job creation, energy consumption and CO2 emissions. Additionally, using the Social Hotspot Database, a preliminary social risk analysis in those economic sectors with the highest employment creation is conducted. Assuming domestic provision of all goods and services, results show that the associated total socioeconomic impacts during the whole lifetime of the plant would amount to 3,124 million US$, a multiplier effect of 2.2 and a ratio of indirect per direct job creation of 1.21. Additionally, results also show that direct and indirect economic activities required by the project would generate 64.36 g CO2 per kWh. Finally, the social assessment indicates the existence of a high unemployment risk in those sectors that would result most stimulated.
© I. Rodríguez et al., published by EDP Sciences, 2016
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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