Open Access

Table 1

Viable heat exchanger designs in the market.

(a) Shell and Tube (b) Pillow flat plate [13] (c) Gasket plate [14]
Average heat transfer rate1) for the first one hour: 30∼34 kW Average heat transfer rate for the first one hour: 40∼42 kW Average heat transfer rate for the first one hour: 40∼42 kW
HEX material: Stainless steel / Titanium / HDPE HEX material: Stainless steel HEX material: Stainless steel
(Rubber gasket required)
Surface area is smaller than flat plate design and required more than 1800 tubes.
Difficulty in finding U-bend for plastic HEX
Easy to fabricate and customise the size of water channel and gaps between plates.
Difficulty in flow control
Largest heat transfer area, unit size can be minimised
Expensive, risk of leakage and corrosion
Price range for 1m3
Stainless steel: ≈ US$ 4,000
Titanium: ≈ US$ 5,000
Price range for 1m3:
> US$ 8,000
Price range for 1m3
> US$ 10,000

Note 1). The average heat transfer rate was predicted by TRNSYS simulation based on the product specification.

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