Open Access

Table 2

Marginal value of externalities for different perspectives in Brazil, 2018.

Externalities Sub externalities Marginal value of externality for different perspectives (% of the photovoltaic energy value)

Consumers Utilities Society
Air pollution Emissions avoided 0.32
  Avoided expenses on public health 3.80
Energy quality Energy losses avoided in the distribution 12.60
  Voltage profile 0.01
  Loss due to the unsupplied energy 10.10
Construction element   0.75
Thermal load   0.00
Real estate valuation   55.72
Total 66.57 12.61 4.12

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