Table 5

Summary of the Main Barriers to the Expansion of Wind Energy in Brazil.

Type of Barrier Specific Barrier
1. Market Failure / Imperfection Lack of information and knowledge
High transaction costs
2. Market Distortions Favoring conventional energy (subsidies)
Non-accountability of externalities
3. Economic and Financial High initial capital cost
4. Institutional Unstable macroeconomic environment
Lack of legal regulatory framework
Lack of research and development culture
Lack of government interest and/or commitment
5. Technical System restrictions
6. Social, Cultural and Behavioral Lack of social acceptance
7. Other Barriers Uncertainty of government policies
Lack of infrastructure

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