Table 1

Research findings on ecological footprint from selected biofuel crops in Australia.

Items Unit Sun flower Rapeseed Palm oil Microalgae
Bio-oil production kL/ha/year 0.44 1.20 3.69 27.23
Land required
  B100 ha 9 116 120 5 864 500 2 262 110 337 299
  B20 ha 1 823 224 1 172 900 452 422 67 459
Ecological footprint
  B100 ha/cap 0.38 0.14 0.05 0.04
  B20 ha/cap 0.08 0.03 0.02 0.01
Australian ecological footprint (EF) [8] Global ha/cap 6.25 6.25 6.25 6.25
% of Australian      
  EF B100 % 6.13 2.24 0.84 0.62
  EF B20 % 1.23 0.48 0.32 0.12
Water footprint Million m3/ha/year 10 939 8931 7704 1113
CO2 footprint including average ILUC gCO2/MJ Biofuel emission 31-150 [22]
Diesel fossil fuel emission83.8 [23]

Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.

Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.

Initial download of the metrics may take a while.