Table 1

Proposed Green Growth indicators for Australian cities.

Indicator category GG indicator Unit of measurement
Built form Green buildings, green infill Sqm floor area
People in high density and infill # people per km2
Proximity to critical amenities Reduction in VKT
Climate change and energy Renewable kWh generated Growth in kWh generated
Energy emissions abated, energy consumption reduced tCO2-e abated, per capita kWh consumption reduced
Biophilia (urban greenery) Increased green space, urban forestry Forest cover as % of the city land area
Increased community participation, health, wellbeing, green jobs # people with improved well-being
Reduced urban heat island effect Changes in mean temperature (°C)
Transport Investment in public transport system + job creation $ value of investment + # transport jobs created
Use of public transport system and Use of active transport # people using public transport + VKT
Transport emissions abated tCO2-e abated
Water Investment in infrastructure and creation of jobs $ value of investment + # water jobs created
Access to clean water # people with access
Quality of water Concentration of water pollutants mg/L
Waste Reduced waste generation, reduced landfill # tonnes reduced
Cleaner (waste free) environment # tonnes waste removed from illegal dumping
Safe disposal/processing of waste, reduced illegal dumping # tonnes recycled
Economic growth City level GDP and city’s GDP as a share of national GDP GDP (in dollars) and GDP share (in %)
Carbon intensity of GDP tCO2-e as per unit of GDP

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